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History

Brandon Police Service History

Brandon Constables in 1912

On July 12, 1882, the Brandon City Police Force came into being. The Force's first members were Chief Constable Archibald L. McMILLAN and two Constables, Donald CAMPBELL and John M. KEAYS.

In the early years, the Force was primarily concerned with breaking up fist fights, raiding houses of ill-repute of which there were many, and fining people for reckless driving. Fist fights usually broke out as young men battled over girlfriends, liquor, or horses. Brandon Police on horses Such conduct usually brought an officer of the law to the spot, and the brawlers were taken before a Police Magistrate who in those days was usually regarded as "The Beak." Raids and houses of ill fame were often, and at one point of Brandon's history, these establishments out-numbered churches.

One of the infamous Madame's was Miss Bandy FRENCH. After one raid on her place of business, the following fines were reported to have been levied: $44.60 against Miss FRENCH; $36 each against two other ladies; $10 each against four male guests.

Miss FRENCH'S career came to an end when she shot a local businessman in the ear with a revolver after summoning him to her establishment. Her apparent reason for shooting him was that she had held a suspicion against him. This was never explained fully but probably meant that he had reported her to the Police. Brandon City Council at one point in time considered licensing these houses of ill-repute to keep them away from the settled portions of the City for the protection of the respectable women.

old police vehicle

Reckless driving of the day seemed more of a problem with horses than today with the automobile. Residents of the City complained that life and limb were in constant danger from drivers trying to see whose horse could pace or gallop the fastest. The drivers of those steeds complained that it was impossible to get up any speed on Pacific or Rosser Avenue as the Police were interfering with them. They suggested that Victoria Avenue be set aside where respectable horsemen could race their horses as fast as they wished. In the 1970's, the Force experienced similar complaints from people and their muscle cars; however, instead of Victoria Avenue, they wished assistance in establishing a drag strip outside the City.

In the early years, the salaries of the members of the Force were raised through fines. In 1886, the City was paying the Chief Constable $800 per annum, and the Constables received $600 per annum.

In the first century of service, the Force grew from 3 members to 56 with a complement of 19 civilians. During the first 100 years, the Force had 13 Chief Constables - the first being Archibald L. McMILLAN who accidentally shot himself in 1885 while placing a rifle in a case in Smart's Hardware Store. Shaking the rifle down, the butt hit the floor, the rifle discharged sending a bullet through the body below the stomach, and he died three hours later.

In the early years, each Chief left his mark on the Force, and in most instances, their tenure was tenuous to say the least. It was a very political position, and he tried to mold the Force to the expectations of the citizens and politicians of the day, in some cases, such as our 6th Chief, Chief Constable E. G. "Edward" BERRY, an ex-Winnipeg City Police Sergeant. Council was looking for a strict disciplinarian after a lack reign of Watson H. BOYD. BERRY's letter of the law campaign proved too much for the Council and the citizens as he was discharged in 1913 after approximately twelve months service.

Not until H. B. "Harry" EVERETT, another ex-Winnipeg City Police Sergeant who was appointed in 1923 to the office of Chief Constable was the position de-politicized. Prior to coming to Brandon, Chief EVERETT had served as Chief Constable in Dauphin, Manitoba, and to date, he had the longest tenure from 1923 to 1947. Chief EVERETT died in office as a result of health reasons.

chief Hardy

The Force had a number of volunteers for active service overseas in World War I and World War II and the Korean Campaign. In World War I, two Chief Constables distinguished themselves in battle. Our fourth Chief Constable, James KIRKALDY, rose to rank of Brigadier General and was awarded the following medals: Distinguished Service Order and Two Bars, and the Croix de Guerr, and Commander of the Orders of St. Michael and St. George, Joseph Robert HARDY was the 8th Chief Constable and while serving with the Canadian Expeditionary Force, he rose to the rank of Captain. He was awarded the Military Cross and Two Bars.

Cst. Fitzpatrick

A. C. "Charlie" GOUCHER was the Force's 11th Chief Constable, and he was the first member to rise to his office from within the Force. There have been others; however, their appointments were of a political nature in the early years of the Force's history. K. R. "Ken" ELLIOTT was appointed to the rank of Deputy Chief Constable in September of 1979 and appointed to the rank of Chief Constable in January, 1980. Chief Constable ELLIOTT remained with the Brandon City Police until the fall of 1987.

To mark the Force's Centennial, a medal was struck to be issued in full and miniature sizes to the serving members. The medal is a reproduction of the City's Coat of Arms with the following inscription on the reverse side: "1882 to 1982, A Century of Service." The ribbon is comprised of the following colours: Red, blue, and gold, which are representative of the Constables, N.C.0.s, and Officers of the Force.

On Sunday, November 21, 1982, a church parade was held at First Baptist Church to present the medal to all serving members of the department.

 

After The First Hundred Years

In January, 1989, Brian SCOTT became the Chief of Police. Chief SCOTT had worked for the Edmonton Police Service for many years. Chief Brian Scott's job was to rebuild the department and develop written policies for the officer's to follow. Chief SCOTT did this by moving the Department into the Accreditation process. In July, 1994 the Police Service became accredited.

On June 1, 1993 the organization changed its name and became the Brandon Police Service. This change in name better reflected the goals and objectives of the Service.

In the summer of 1995, Chief Brian SCOTT retired from the police profession. In November 1995, Dick SCOTT, who had served under Brian SCOTT as a Deputy Chief was promoted to Chief of Police. Although we had been doing some community based policing, Chief Scott's goal was to turn the Brandon Police Service into a complete Community Policing Service. In April, 2001 Chief Scott retired from the Brandon Police Service completing 37 years as a Police Officer in Manitoba.

F. Richard Bruce was appointed to Chief on May 14, 2001. He began his career with the Brandon Police Service in November, 1970 and worked in many areas within the Police Service.

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History